Dexter Edgar Converse,
Glendale and Spartanburg, SC
Dexter Edward Converse (1828-1899)

Converse was born in Swanton, Vermont, the son of Olin and Louisa Converse.  He was a direct descendent
of Edmund Converse who arrived in 1630 with Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts.  His father was a woolen
manufacturer, but died when Dexter was only three.  An uncle in Canada, who was also in the woolen
business, raised him.  At age 21, he accepted a position in a cotton mill in Cohoes, NY owned by another
uncle, Winslow Twichell.  While there he fell in love with a cousin, Helen Twichell, and married.  At age 26, they
moved to Lincolnton, NC to accept the position of superintendent.  He left within the year in February 1855 to
move to Bivingsville (now Glendale), SC.  Unfortunately, the mill was failing, but that brought an opportunity to
become part owner in a bankruptcy sale.  His claim to fame was his civic spirit, which made him invaluable to
the Spartanburg community.  During the War Between the States, many people feared the loyalty of this
Yankee, so he and his brother-in-law, Albert Twichell, enlisted in the Confederate Army.  However, his
employees asked him to reconsider and eventually both stayed on to run the mill and produce fabric for the
Confederate Army.  He started D.E. Converse Co. or Glendale Mills in 1866.  In 1880, Converse, with
associates, formed the Clifton Manufacturing Co., which eventually grew to include three mills.  He and his
family remained in Glendale until 1891 when he relocated his family to Spartanburg, where had become
interested in establishing a college of women that became Converse College (1889).  Twichell Auditorium,
named for his wife’s family, remained in constant use throughout the 20th century – hosting music concerts,
recitals and meetings.

1878  DE Converse and Co. became Glendale Mills

He died in 1899.  At his death, he was a stockholder in the Pacolet, Whitney and Spartan Mills.  Albert Twichell,
brother-in-law, becomes President

1903  Mill No. 1 nearly destroyed by the flood of the Pacolet River.  Rebuilt with 37,392 spindles, 518 plain
looms, and 550 automatic looms.  Main products include heavy drills, print cloth and sheeting.

1957  Sold to Indian Head Mills

1961  Closed


1)  Jacobs, William Plumer.1935. The Pioneer. Clinton, S.C.:
Jacobs & Co. Press.

2)  Teter, Betsy Wakefield, editor. 2002. Textile Town Spartanburg County, South Carolina Spartanburg :Hub
City Writers Project. ISBN 1-891885-28-6

Page Copyright Gary N. Mock 2013
Textile Titans